Martin Luther was a German theologian who challenged a number of teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. The New Testament word for "church" is ekklesia , which means "the called out ones." Although early Christian theologians speculated in many ways on the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, no one clearly and fully asserted the doctrine of the Trinity as explained at the top of the main entry until around the end of the so-called Arian Controversy. the argument of church history 21-02-2014 - Posted by Andre Piet . His 1517 document, "95 Theses," sparked the Protestant Reformation. This argument has some merit, for it seems less likely that James would send messengers to the church after the council in Acts 15.Still, history is full of surprises, and debates have ensued after formal agreements many times in history. Throughout its long history, the Catholic Church has been rocked by scandals ranging from the dissolution of the Knights Templar to Galileo’s trial to Mother Theresa’s questionable donors.Over the course of the 20th century, many more scandals have come to light—no matter how much the Church would like to keep them secret. Revelation 4-18 , which describes the Great Tribulation includes no reference to the church. Answer: The ability to trace one’s church back to the “first church” through apostolic succession is an argument used by a number of different churches to assert that their church is the “one true church.” The Roman Catholic Church makes this claim. – Question 10 One of the most-often voiced objections to the modern-day usage of the sign gifts is an argument from history. Answer: In the earliest days of the Christian church, the church was comprised predominately of Jews. Place and Date of Origin I believe that an excellent case can be made that Colossians was written by the Apostle Paul himself. Is the original / first church the true church?" After the ascension of Jesus, and the start of the church on Pentecost, the apostles and early believers continued operating with Judaism. What Are the Arguments from Church History That the Sign Gifts Have Ceased? 1. The cessationists argue that once the apostles died those sign gifts died with them. In classical Greek, the term was used almost exclusively for political gatherings. This supplementary document discusses the history of Trinity theories. The history of the early Christian church begins with it considered to be a sect of the Jews. Paul Washer, a well-known American preacher, explains in this video clip (from 1’13), that Scripture is the only source of truth, BUT that it always should be read within the context of the Church. Question: "What was the meaning and importance of the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15)?" According to the Apostle John – the Anti-Christ arises from within the church, not outside. Phrases such as, “those in Christ,” “the body of Christ,” or “the church… The arguments positing a different author than Paul are extremely speculative and, frankly, create more problems than they purport to solve. Judaism, at the time of Jesus Christ, was a collection of several competing religious powers. Question: "What was the first / original church? Introduction. The church must destroy Heretics by use of capital punishment. In particular, in Athens the word signified the assembling of the citizens for the purpose of conducting the affairs of the polis. Church, the. Definition of the Church. Many Early church fathers weren’t Christian at all, but were High Occultist’s in sheep’s clothing infiltrating God’s true church to destroy it. 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